In June 2001, university board members, directors of university libraries, publishers, authors and experts in copyright issues met in Zwolle, the Netherlands, to discuss topics in the field of copyright and universities at an international working conference.
A follow-up was held in December 2002, again in Zwolle: 'Copyright and Universities: from Principles to Practices'.
The third, and last, Zwolle Conference, 'Optimal management of copyright: making it happen', took place in February 2004.
The Copyright Management for Scholarship website was developed by the SURF Foundation to support the Zwolle Conferences and as a tool for disseminating their results.
The article 'Wat does Zwolle stand for?' tells us how a publisher, as one of the stakeholders, looks upon the efforts which have been undertaken during the first two conferences.
About the approach during the Zwolle-conferences and the outcomes, the author says: "Apparently divergent interest did, in fact, coincide once all parties understood each other's needs" and "I soon discovered that Zwolle was the chosen location of a peace conference".
The author, Judith Harvey, is a member of the Zwolle Group. The article has been placed with the kind permission of ALPSP and appeared in Learned Publishing, vol. 16 2003, pp 290-292.